The most Beautiful temple in South Asia,Prambanan Temple

The most Beautiful temple in South Asia,Prambanan Temple

Prambanan temple or Loro Jonggrang temple is the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia which was built in the 9th century AD. This temple is dedicated to Trimurti, the three main Hindu deities namely Brahma as the creator deity, Vishnu as the guardian deity, and Shiva as the god of destruction. based on Siwagrha inscriptions the original name of this temple complex is Siwagrha (Sanskrit meaning 'Shiva House'), and indeed in the garbagriha (main room) this temple resides at a three-meter tall Shiva Mahadewa statue which shows that Lord Shiva is preferred.

This temple complex is located in Prambanan sub-district, Sleman and Prambanan sub-district, Klaten, approximately 17 kilometers northeast of Yogyakarta, 50 kilometers southwest of Surakarta and 120 kilometers south of Semarang, right on the border between the provinces of Central Java and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. the location is very unique, Prambanan Temple is located in the administrative area of ​​the village of Bokoharjo, Prambanan, Sleman, while the entrance to the Prambanan Temple complex is located in the administrative area of ​​the village of Tlogo, Prambanan, Klaten.

The most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia. the architecture of the building is tall and slender in accordance with Hindu architecture in general with the Shiva temple as the main temple having a height of up to 47 meters towering in the middle of a complex of smaller temples.

The most Beautiful temple in South Asia,Prambanan Temple

The construction of this royal Hindu temple was started by Rakai Pikatan ,some historians have long suspected that the construction of this great Hindu temple to mark the revival of the Sanjaya family over Java, this is related to the theory of twin dragons having different competing beliefs; namely the Sanjaya dynasty of Hindus and the Buddhist Sailendra. of course, the construction of this temple marked that the Saiwa Hinduism was once again supported by the royal family, after previously the Sailendra dynasty tended to favor the Mahayana Buddhism more. this indicates that the Medang kingdom shifted its focus to religious support, from Mahayana Buddhism to worship of Shiva.

this building was first built around 850 AD by Rakai Pikatan and continually perfected and expanded by King Lokapala and Balitung king Maha Sambu. based on the Siwagrha inscription dating to 856 AD, this sacred building was built to glorify Lord Shiva, and the original name of this building in Sanskrit is Siwagrha (Sanskrit: Shiva-grha which means: 'Shiva House') or Siwalaya (Sanskrit: Shiva-laya means: 'The realm of Shiva' or 'NatureShiva ').in this inscription it is stated that when the construction of the Siwagrha temple was underway, there was also a general work on changing the water system to move the river flow near this temple. the river in question is the Opak river which flows from north to south along the western side of the Prambanan temple complex. historians suspect that the original river flow curved eastward, and was considered too close to the temple so that river erosion could endanger the construction of the temple.

This water management project is carried out by making new river sodas that cut the arch of the river with a north-south axis along the western wall outside the temple complex. the former original river flow was then stockpiled to provide more extensive land for the construction of rows of ancillary temples (escort temples or companion temples).

the relief at Prambanan shows Shinta being kidnapped by Ravana who rides a giant winged, while the Jatayu bird on the left is trying to help Shinta.
The most Beautiful temple in South Asia,Prambanan Temple

some archaeologists argue that the Shiva statue in garbhagriha (main room) in the Shiva temple as the main temple is the embodiment of the Balitung king, as his posthumous mortal statue.

This building complex is regularly refined by the following Mataram Medang kings, such as the king of Daksa and Tulodong, and expanded by building hundreds of additional temples around the main temple. because of the splendor of this temple, the Prambanan temple serves as the grand temple of the Kingdom of Mataram, where various important royal ceremonies are held. at the height of its glory, historians suspect that hundreds of brahmin priests and their students gathered and inhabited the outer court of this temple to study the Vedas and carry out various Hindu rituals and ceremonies. while the royal center or the royal palace of Mataram was thought to be located somewhere near Prambanan in the Kewu Plain.

Around the 930s, the royal capital moved to East Java by Mpu Sindok, who founded Wangsa Isyana. the cause of the move to the center of power is not known exactly. However, it is very likely caused by a massive eruption of Mount Merapi which towered about 20 kilometers north of the Prambanan temple. Other possible causes are war and power struggles. after the transfer of the capital city, Prambanan temple began to be abandoned and not maintained, so that slowly the temple began to break down and collapse.

Restoration of Prambanan Temple
The restoration of Prambanan Temple began in 1918, but serious work began in the 1930s. in 1902-1903, Theodoor van Erp maintained fragile parts that collapsed. In the years 1918-1926, continued by the Archeological Office under the supervision of P.J. Perquin in a more systematic way according to the rules of archeology.
The most Beautiful temple in South Asia,Prambanan Temple

it is said he was known that his predecessors carried out the removal and dismantling of thousands of stones carelessly without thinking of any restoration efforts. In 1926 De Haan continued until the end of his life in 1930. In 1931 Ir. v.R. van Romondt until 1942 and then the leadership of the renovation was handed over to the sons of Indonesia. The restoration of the Shiva temple, the main complex temple was completed in 1953 and inaugurated by the first President of the Republic of Indonesia SukarnoThis temple renovation work continues even today.