8 Historical Caves In The World

The cave is a natural hole formed under a fairly large and deep underground. However, have you ever seen a large cave that was used as a place to live and become a historic place? If not, below will be discussed a number of historic caves in the world.

1. Petra, Jordan
8 Historical Caves In The World

Often referred to as the "lost city" which still has secrets yet to be revealed. Thousands of years ago, the now abandoned city of Petra is developing. Carved directly on the face of the bright red, white, pink and sandstone cliffs of the prehistoric city of Petra lost to the west for hundreds of years.

located in the middle of a strong desert and canyon which is now the southwestern tip of the Kingdom of Hashemite in Jordan, Petra was once a rapidly growing center of commerce and the capital of the Nabatean empire between 400 BC and 106 AD. the city is uninhabited (empty) and almost destroyed for centuries. In the early 1800s a European traveler disguised in a Budai costume and infiltrated into the mysterious place.

in 1985, Petra Archaeological Park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site and in 2007 was named one of the seven new wonders of the world. Several scenes from the Hollywood blockbuster Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade were filmed at Petra. The fiction film Canyon of the Crescent Moon is modeled at the eastern entrance of Petra, a 250-foot (76 meter) sandstone cliff known as Siq that leads directly to Al Khazneh, perhaps the most amazing of dozens of Petra features.

built into the slopes of Mount Hor, Petra developed during Roman times, but was unknown to the western world until 1812 when discovered by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. more than 800 individual monuments can be seen in Petra, including tombs, baths, burial rooms and temples.

2. Al-Hijr, Saudi Arabia
8 Historical Caves In The World

Archaeological Site of Al-Hijr (Madâin Sâlih) is the first world heritage property written in Saudi Arabia. Formerly known as Hegra, this is the preservation site of the largest Nabataeans civilization south of Petra in Jordan. It displays well-maintained monumental graves, which are decorated with facades from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD. this site also features some 50 pre-Nabataean period inscriptions and some cave images. Al-Hijr has a unique testimony of the Nabataean civilization. It has 111 monumental tombs, 94 of which are in decorations and also water wells. this site is a wonderful example of the Nabataeans architectural experience and hydraulic expertise.

Extraordinary Universal Value

The archaeological site of Al-Hijr is the main site of the Nabataean civilization, in its southern zone of influence. Its integrity is extraordinary and well preserved. this includes the tomb ensemble and the main monument, whose architecture and decoration are directly made in sandstone. this witnessed a meeting between various decorative and architectural influences (Assyria, Egypt, Phenicia, Hellenistic) and the presence of several ancient languages ​​(Lihyanite, Thamud, Nabataean, Greek, Latin).

8 Historical Caves In The World

this witnessed the development of the Nabataean agricultural technique using a large number of artificial wells in rocky soil and is still in use. The ancient city of Hegra / Al-Hijr witnessed the trade of international caravans at the end of antiquity.

3. Rock-Hewn Churches of Lalibela, Ethiopia
8 Historical Caves In The World

in a mountainous region in the heart of Ethiopia, about 645 km from Addis Ababa, 11 medieval monolithic churches carved from stone. Their building was associated with King Lalibela who began building a 'New Jerusalem' in the 12th century, after Muslims conquered Christian pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Lalibela developed after the decline of the Aksum Empire.there are two main groups of churches, to the north of the Jordan: Biete Medhani Alem (Savior's House of the World), Biete Mariam (Maria's House), Biete Maskal (House of the Cross), Biete Denagel (Virgin House), Biete Golgotha ​​Mikael (House Golgotha ​​Mikael), Biete Amanuel (House of Emmanuel), Biete QeddusMercoreus (House of St.mercoreos), Biete Abba Libanos (House of Abbot Libanos), Biete Gabriel Raphael (Gabriel Raphael's house) and Biete Lehem (House of Holy Bread). The eleventh church, Biete Ghiorgis (House of St. George) was isolated from the others, but connected with the trench system.

the churches were not built in the traditional way but were carved from living monolithic rocks. These blocks are then carved, forming doors, windows, columns, various floors, roofs and others. This giant work was then equipped with a ditch drainage system and a vast ceremonial aisle, with several holes into the hermit cave and catacombs.

8 Historical Caves In The World

Medhani Alem biete, with its five gangs believed to be the largest monolithic church in the world, while Biete Ghiorgis has an extraordinary cross plan. most may have been used as a church in the first place, but Biete Mercoreos and Biete Gabriel Rafael had previously been the royal residence. Some of the interiors are decorated with mural paintings. near the village church Lalibela has two storey houses, built of local red stone and known as Lasta Tukuls. This extraordinary church has been the focus of pilgrimage for Coptic Christians since the 12th century.

4. Abu Simbel Nubian Monuments, Egypt
8 Historical Caves In The World

This extraordinary archeological area contains magnificent monuments such as the Temple of Ramses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis in Philae, which were saved from the Nile River water level thanks to the International Campaign launched by UNESCO, from 1960 to 1980it consists of 4 Colossal ancient statues of Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II the doorman Abu Simbel, a temple cut from sandstone cliffs above the Nile. commissioned by Ramses himself, the temple faces east so twice a year, sunlight reaches into the deepest sanctuary, illuminating the statues of Ptah, Amun-Re, Ramses II and Re-Horakhty.

5. Goa Gajah, Elephant Cave Temple, Bali
8 Historical Caves In The World

Goa Goa Bali temple or Elephant Cave Temple is located on the western side of the countryside, Blah Batuh District and Gianyar Regency. The distance is about 27 km from the city of Denpasar. This cave was built on the edge of the crevasse from the 2 rill federation called the Pangkung River, where irrigation was mixed with the Petanu River. the federation region of these two rivers is called Campuhan / Mixed. It has magical energy based on the Rwabineda concept / two different things about this basic concept, so Goa Gajah Temple or Elephant Cave Temple is deliberately built between two rivers.

the discovery of Goa Gajah originated from reports of officials of the Dutch East Indies, LC. Heyting in 1923 who discovered the statues of Ganesha, Trilingga and the Hariti statue to the Dutch East Indies government. This was followed up by Dr. WF. Stuterhiem to conduct further research in 1925in 1950 the Indonesian Archaeological Service through sections of ancient buildings in Bali led by J. Krijgman conducted research and excavation in 1954 until 1979 and found an ancient petrified place with 6 female statues with a shower on the chest and until nowits existence can be trusted to provide a vibration of purifying the aura for visitors.in 1931 Mr. Conrat Spies also found a significant increase in the "tukad pangkung" complex in the form of a three-pronged stupa carved on a collapsed stone wall lying on the base of a tukad pangkung.

6. Cappadocia Cave Houses, Turkey
8 Historical Caves In The World

Cappadocia region in central Turkey is one of the most spectacular sights in the world, deep valleys and soaring rock formations adorned with houses, chapels, tombs, temples and entire underground cities carved harmoniously with natural landforms. One hundred square miles there are more than 200 underground villages and tunnel towns complete with hidden aisles, secret chambers and the history of ancient temples.

7. The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera, Italy
8 Historical Caves In The World

located in the southern region of Italy Basilicata, The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera consists of a complex of houses, churches, monasteries and hermitage built in the natural cave of Murgia. covering an area of ​​1,016 ha, this extraordinary and intact troglodyte settlement contains more than a thousand residences and a large number of shops and workshops. this property was first occupied during the Palaeolithic period and shows evidence of continuous human occupation for several millennia to this day and is harmoniously integrated into natural terrain and ecosystems.

this site consists of the ancient district of the city of Matera and the Rupestrian Church Park that stretches over Murgia, a calcareous plateau characterized by gaps, ravines, rocks and deep caves. the morphology of the region is marked by deep ravines (highlands) and bare highlands, which are integrated with ancient cave churches, shepherd lanes marked by wells and enriched farmhouses, one of the most intriguing Mediterranean views.

8. Yungang Grottoes, China
8 Historical Caves In The World

Yungang Buddha Cave was heavily cut from the middle of the 5th century to the beginning of the 6th century AD. consisting of 252 caves and niches and 51,000 statues in an 18,000 square meter carved area, Yungang Grottoes represents the extraordinary achievements of Buddhist cave art in China. the five Caves created by Tan Yao are classic works from the first peak of Chinese art, with a unity and strict layout. The will of the State was reflected in Buddhist beliefs in China during the Northern Wei Dynasty since Grottoes was built with Imperial instructions.

while influenced by Buddhist cave art from South and Central Asia, Yungang Grottoes also interpreted Buddhist cave art with distinctive Chinese characters and local zeal. As a result, Yungang Grottoes has played an important role in the early Oriental Buddhist grottoes and has a wide impact on Buddhist cave art in China and East Asia.

Those are the 8 most historic caves in the world. Hopefully the above article is useful and can add insight to you. See you in the next article. The cave hole is a natural hole formed under a fairly large and deep underground.